The ovaries are female reproductive organs that are responsible for egg development and release. When the ovaries become affected by a certain medical condition, they can stop working properly and cause a lot of unpleasant symptoms. Moreover, some diseases may lead to fertility issues.
It is important to understand that if you want to have children, you should pay much attention to your reproductive organs and ovaries as well. Moreover, regular gynecological check-ups are essential for overall health. Only a professional can evaluate your condition and recognize early signs of various infections and diseases. In this article, we gathered four disturbing conditions that can affect your ovaries.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a dangerous condition that tends to be one of the most common causes of infertility. It occurs because of the hormonal imbalance. Women with PCOS have an increased level of male hormones (androgens and/or testosterone). This leads to acne, abnormal body hair growth, early baldness, and weight gain. Due to the development of numerous cysts in the ovaries, they can’t release the egg for fertilization.
Unfortunately, there is no complete cure for PCOS. However, there are some treatment options that can help manage the symptoms of this condition. The most common PCOS treatment is hormonal contraception including pills, IUD, implants, and injections. However, maintaining a healthy lifestyle and OTC remedies can also help reduce acne, facial hair, and other symptoms.
2. Ovarian cyst
An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sack that develops in the ovary. This condition usually affects only one ovary. You should also know that there are a few types of ovarian cysts. The most common of them are follicle cysts and corpus luteum cysts. Follicle cysts usually disappear on their own while corpus luteum cysts may grow and cause severe symptoms.
Women with ovarian cysts usually experience pain during sex, pelvic pressure, and severe pain during periods. Your gynecologist may recommend medication to treat the ovarian cyst. However, in rare cases, surgery may be the only effective option. You should also know that the ovarian cyst can burst. In this case, the emergency surgery can literally save your life since the ovarian cyst rupture can be life-threatening.
3. Ovarian torsion
Ovarian torsion occurs when the ovary twists around itself. In some cases, this condition may involve the fallopian tubes. You should understand that ovarian torsion blocks the normal blood flow to ovaries. As a result, it may cause tissue necrosis when the ovarian tissues die without blood supply.
Timely and proper treatment of ovarian torsion may save the ovary. You should also know that women who regularly have ovarian cysts are more prone to ovarian torsion. If you experience sudden severe pain in the pelvic area that is accompanied by nausea and vomiting, you should visit an emergency room immediately. Surgery tends to be the only effective treatment option for ovarian torsion.
4. Ovarian cancer
Despite the fact that ovarian cancer is a quite rare condition, it is extremely dangerous. Ovarian cancer occurs when the cells in the overy start to grow abnormally. The main problem is that cancer can develop asymptomatically and affect other organs at the same time. Symptoms like pain in the abdomen, bloating, and frequent urination usually appear on the later stages. In rare cases, a woman with ovarian cancer may experience pain during sex, spotting, fatigue, and lower back pain.
The most common treatment options for ovarian cancer usually include chemotherapy and surgery. If one of the ovaries is not affected by cancer and you want to have children, the surgeon may remove only cancerous cells and neighboring tissues. If you don’t want to have children, a hysterectomy and the removal of neighboring tissues can become the most effective cancer treatment option for you.